It is important for development to be planned in every area, town or city for it to be sustainable. Development planning is an aspect of town and country planning and refers to documents which detail the strategy for the planning and sustainable development of an area. It is a written document and usually has maps attached to it.
Development planning attempts to look ahead and consider all the possible steps that should be taken to bring about development in a town or city. It lays the foundation on which every other thing is built and details the when, how and who. It lays out the vision for change and development in an area. It takes into consideration all that would be required to effect the anticipated development. This type of planning helps us determine the current situation and what it would require to take us to where want to go.
Steps in Development Planning
Determining the objectives1. It requires a coordinated and systematic approach.
2. Your development planning goals and objectives must be clearly stated.
3. These objectives determine the activities to be undertaken and where efforts are to be directed.
4. It pays attention on the end results to be achieved.
5. The objectives help the entire planning process and should be clearly stated for all to understand.
6. The plan should be easy to work with, achievable and acceptable.
Determining the Development Planning
1. The premises are assumptions of what may happen in the future.
2. It serves as a planning basis.
3. It helps determine the possibilities of deviating from the original plan and why.
4. These development premises help to prevent or avoid such occurrences.
5. The internal premises can be controlled unlike the external ones which are not.
The need to have alternative action plans1. There should be alternative courses of action that can be considered.
2. Each alternative should be evaluated based on their advantages and disadvantages, resources available and the development planning requirements.
3. It is necessary to properly evaluate and consider the merits and demerits of these alternatives and their consequences.
Formulation of Sub-Plans1. These help in achieving the main development plan.
2. These are derived from the main plan and help to support the implementation of the main development plan.
3. These include budgets, rules and regulations, policies and procedures.
4. They also include the process by which various tasks will be accomplished.
Getting Support and Co-operation1. When the plans have been developed, team members who would be responsible for implementation should be taken into confidence.
2. Involving the team members would make them motivated and get fully committed to decision making.
3. The team members would offer good suggestions to help in the formulation and implementation of the development plans.
4. The team members when carried along would contribute their best to the implementation of the development plan.
Appraisal of Development Plan1. Once a decision has been made on what is to be done, action is taken.
2. After implementation of each phase of the development plan, it is important that appraisals are done.
3. Appraisals are carried out based on information received from team members.
4. The feedback received assist in correcting or modifying the development plan.
5. Appraisal is done as implementation is being carried out to correct errors as they are observed.
Characteristics of a Development Plan
It has clearly established goals1. It helps in achieving the desired objective of determining where development should or should not take place.
2. It helps to lay out the goals so that all those involved can see it.
3. The development plan identifies what action need to be taken to achieve stated goals.
4. It helps to provide a clear sense of direction in development planning.
1. The development plan is primarily done to take care of the future.
looks into the future
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2. It helps in predicting future development needs of an area.
3. It sees into the future and states what it expects to happen then.
It involves an intellectual process1. Development planning requires deep and creative thinking, good judgment and imagination.
2. Development Planning involves rotational thinking.
3. Development planners are able to prepare such plans with good judgment, foresight and imagination.
4. The plan is based on goals, objectives, facts and budgets.
Development Planning is Continuous1. It is a continuous process as there are many factors, such as population that affect it.
2. Development plans are developed for a specific time period and need to be re- evaluated due to changing situations.
3. It is a continuous process as the area, town or city keeps growing and disruptions will keep happening.
Development Planning is a function of Planners1. Development planning lays the foundation for other developments in an area.
2. It helps to guide development in an area, town or city.
3. Development planning is important and affects every aspect of human, business growth and development.
Development Planning increases efficiency1. It helps in accomplishing the development objectives of an area, town or city at the lowest possible cost.
2. It helps to increase the efficient use of available resources.
3. The development plan would prevent problems such as lopsided development, and help to cut costs and save time.
4. It helps in utilizing every resource efficiently.
Components of a Development PlanDevelopment plans are made up of:
1. Local Development PlanThis type of plan focuses on development of an area and covers housing, public and private development, commercial, transport infrastructure and local environment protection. They show the opportunities that exist for development and the things that are permitted and does that are not. They also provide policies that cater for housing, commercial development, general infrastructure, education, energy and security.
2. Strategic Development PlanThis can be used in planning larger city areas and deal with issues related to housing, transportation and general infrastructure.
3. Supplementary GuidanceThis is another aspect of development planning that requires legal backing and consultation with the public. It provides details on the policies that are in the development plan.
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